The Eiffel Tower (French: Tour Eiffel) is an iron lattice tower XIXlocalizada century on the Champ de Mars in Paris, which became a global icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The Eiffel Tower is the tallest building deParis, is the most visited paid monument in the world, millions of people climb the tower each year. Named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, was built as the entrance arch of the Universal Exhibition of 1889.The tower has 324 meters high. It was the tallest structure in the world from its completion until 1930, when he lost the post for the Chrysler Building in New York, United States. Not including transmission antennas, the tower is the second tallest structure in France, just behind the Millau Viaduct, completed in 2004. The tower has three levels for visitors. Tickets can be purchased on the stairs ouelevadores the first and second level. The walk to the first level is over 300 steps. The third and highest level is only accessible by elevator. The first floor to see if the whole town has several shops and toilets and the second level has a restaurant.Despite having only three levels can go up to the second level.
The tower became the most prominent symbol of Paris and France.The tower is a part of the scenery featured in dozens of films that take place in Paris. Your status is so determined that deícone still serves as a symbol for the whole country, as when it was used as the logo of the French bid to host the Summer Olympics 1992.
Inaugurated on March 31, 1889, the Eiffel Tower (pronounced with the last syllable in "e" [Eifel] and not [Eifel]) was built to honor the centenary of the French Revolution. It was to be a temporary structure, but took the decision not to dismantle it. The Government of France planned an exhibition and announced a global architectural design competition for a monument to be built on the Champ de Mars, in the center of Paris. Over one hundred designs were submitted to the contest. The Centennial Committee chose the design engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), who would inherit the name of the tower with a metal frame that would then become the world's tallest structure built by man. With its 324 meters high, had seven 300toneladas when it was built.
Eiffel, a noted bridge builder, was master of metal constructions and had designed the frame of the Statue of Liberty, erected just before the New York Harbor. When the contract for the land twenty years the World Exhibition (1889) expired in 1909, the Eiffel Tower was almost demolished, but its value as an antenna for transmitting radio saved. The last twenty meters from the tower correspond to a radio antenna that was added later.
The tower stood as the tallest monument in the world for over forty years. He was overthrown in 1930 by the Chrysler Building, New York, which has 329 meters.Altogether, since opening, has received a total of 244 million visitors.Currently, the tower is annually visited by 6.9 million people.